Kidney stones: Types, symptoms, causes and treatment

kidney stones

Your kidneys remove waste and liquid from your blood to make urine. Now and again, when you have a lot of specific wastes and insufficient liquid in your blood, so, these wastes can develop and remain together in your kidneys. These bunches of waste are called kidney stones. And a kidney stone is a hard, crystalline mineral material shaped inside the kidney or urinary tract.

Types of kidney stones

Types of kidney stones

Not all types are comprised of similar crystals. The various sorts of kidney stones include:

  1. Calcium stones
  2. Uric acid
  3. Struvite
  4. Cystine

Symptoms of kidney stones

Symptoms of kidney stones

On the off chance that you have a little kidney stone that moves effectively through your urinary tract, you might not have any side effects and may never realize that you had a kidney stone. A kidney stone may not cause symptoms until it moves around inside your kidney or goes into your ureter. you may encounter these signs and side effects

  • blood in urine
  • vomiting and nausea
  • persistent urge to urinate
  • severe pain in the groin and/or side
  • burning sensation during urination
  • reduced amount of urine excreted
  • fever and chills if there is an infection
  • white blood cells or pus in the urine

Causes of kidney stones

salt
salt

Anybody can get a kidney stone. Men get kidney stones more regularly than ladies do. white people are bound to have kidney stones than dark people.

  • overweight or obese.
  • don’t drink enough water.
  • You have had these before.
  • high protein, sodium and/or sugar in diet
  • Someone in your family has had kidney stones.
  • gastric bypass surgery or another intestinal surgery.
  •  polycystic kidney disease or another cystic kidney disease.
  • take certain medicines, such as diuretics (water pills) or calcium-based antacids.
  • You have a condition that causes swelling or irritation in your bowel or your joints.
  • have a certain condition that causes your urine to contain high levels of cystine, oxalate, uric acid or calcium.

Treatment of kidney stones

Treatment of kidney stones

The treatment for a kidney stone relies upon the size of the stone, what it is made of, regardless of whether it is causing agony and whether it is obstructing your urinary tract. And treatment is customized by the sort of stone. Urine can be strained and stones gathered for assessment. Treatments are,

  1. Lithotripsy
  2. Tunnel surgery
  3. Ureteroscopy
  4. Using sound waves to break up stones
  5. Using a scope to remove stones
  6. Surgery to remove very large stones in the kidney

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Small stones

Drinking water
  • Drinking water: Drinking as much as 2 to 3 quarts a day may assist flush out your urinary system. Except if your doctor reveals to you generally, so, drink enough liquid for the most part water to deliver clear or almost clear urine. 
  • Medicinal therapy: Your doctor may give you a medication to help pass your kidney stone. This kind of prescription, known as an alpha blocker, relaxes the muscles in your ureter, because it is helping you pass the kidney stone all the more rapidly and with less torment.
  • Pain relievers: Passing a little stone can cause some inconvenience. But to relieve mellow agony, your doctor may suggest Pain relievers, for example, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others), acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) or naproxen sodium (Aleve).

Conclusion

Kidney stones are hard collections of salt and minerals that structure in your kidneys and can travel out to different parts of your urinary system. But stones cause indications like torment, trouble urinating, cloudy or smelly urine, sickness and vomiting. So, a few stones will pass on their own. But others need treatment with sound waves or medical procedure to split them up and remove them. Call your doctor in the event that you have any symptoms of kidney stones.

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