What is overpopulation? reasons, effects and solution
Overpopulation is a serious problem the world needs to deal with. Overpopulation refers to a population which exceeds its sustainable size inside a specific domain or environment. overpopulation is a serious problem the world needs to deal with. Overpopulation is caused by numbers of factors, increased birth rate, decreased death rate, the immigration, reduced mortality rate, better medical facilities, depletion of precious resources.
Developing advances in innovation with each coming year has influenced humankind from various perspectives. One of these has been the capacity to save lives and make better medicinal treatment for all. An immediate aftereffect of this has been expanded lifespan and increasing population. Therefore, overpopulation describes a situation in which a population in a given ecosystem limit the resources available for survival.
Reasons for overpopulation
When we are discussing overpopulation, we should initially comprehend the reasons for it, which are given below:
1- Lack of Family Planning
Most developing countries having large number of individuals who are unskilled and have almost no information about family planning. Getting their children wedding at an early age increases the chances of producing more kids. Those people are unable to understand the harmful effects of overpopulation
2- Technological Advancement in Fertility Treatment
due to modern techniques pregnancies today are far more safer. With latest technology, it has become possible for couples who are unable to conceive to undergo fertility treatment methods and have their own babies.
3- Decline in the Death Rate
The invention of vaccines and discovery of antibiotics such as penicillin saved thousands of lives. If the number of children born each year equals the number of adults that die, then the population will stabilize. As the number of annual deaths fell, while births remained constant, so the population increased.
4- More Hands to Overcome Poverty
There is a psychological component as well. For a great many years, a little piece of the population had enough cash to live in peace. The rest faced poverty and would give birth to large families to make up for the high infant mortality rate. Families that have been through poverty needs more hands to work.
5- Better Medical Facilities
Technological was the biggest reason why the balance has been disturbed. Many diseases are cured because of the invention of vaccines. As the number of annual deaths fell, while births remained constant, so the population increased.
Many people prefer to move to developed countries, where more facilities are available in terms of medical, education, security and employment, like US, UK, Canada and Australia. This gives rise to shortage of resources. This gives rise to shortage of resources. The end result is that those people settle over there and those places become overcrowded.
7- Introduction of a foreign species
The introduction of a foreign species for which it has no natural predators. Often, such species become invasive, like zebra mussels and the introduction of rabbits in Australia.
Effects of overpopulation
Overpopulation can have many effects on the environment.
1- Rising unemployment
Rise in unemployment gives rise to crime as people will steal various items to feed their family. Overpopulation gives rise to unemployment as there are fewer jobs to support large number of people. A high number of workers exist for a limited number of vacancies.
2- Degradation of environment
Rising amount of CO2 emissions leads to global warming. growth in energy production from coal, oil and natural gas (fossil fuels) is having a negative impact on the planet. Rise in the number of vehicles and industries have badly affected the quality of air. Deforestation and desertification, Melting of polar ice caps, extinction of animal and plant species, rise in sea level, emissions of greenhouse gases and changing climate patterns are few effects we are facing due to environmental pollution.
3- Rising living costs
Due to overpopulation, difference between demand and supply continues to expand . Fewer resources, less water, food, shelter and healthcare, overpopulation raises the prices of various commodities.
4- Conflicts and Wars
the main effect of overpopulation is the unequal use of resources. Conflicts over water are becoming a source of tension between countries. The planet has a limited capacity to generate raw materials and the consumption of resources at a faster rate than the planet is able to generate them. The Earth can only produce a limited amount of water and food. Starvation is a huge issue facing the world.
Solution for overpopulation
We can no longer prevent it, but there are ways to control overpopulation. Issues with overpopulation have been overcome using a variety of methods.
- Making People Aware of Family Planning.
- One of the best way is to let them know about various safe sex techniques.
- Families that are facing a hard life and choose to have four or five children should be discouraged.
- lowering rates of income tax for those married couples who have single or two children.
- Open dialogue on abortion should be seen when talking about overpopulation.
- Give them better Education.
- Family planning and efficient birth control can help.
- Imparting sex education to young kids at elementary level should be must.
- As we humans are more inclined towards money, there should be Tax Benefits or Concessions.
In the previous fifty years, the development of population has blasted and has transformed into overpopulation. Ever of species, the birth and death rate have always been the option to adjust each and keep up a population development rate. Overpopulation is one of the biggest challenges humanity is facing and threatens the near future of the planet in economic, environmental and social terms. By Making People Aware of Family Planning, we can control overpopulation.
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